• ACL Surgery

    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries involves replacing the ACL with tissue called a graft. Usually an autograft (tendon tissue taken from another part of the body) is used. Repair is also done when the ACL has been torn from the upper or lower leg bone (avulsion). The bone fragment connected to the ACL is reattached to the bone.

  • Addictions

    Some medications used to treat pain can be addictive. Addiction is different from physical dependence or tolerance, however. In cases of physical dependence, withdrawal symptoms occur when a substance suddenly is stopped. Tolerance occurs when the initial dose of a substance loses its effectiveness over time.

  • Allergies

    Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system. People who have allergies have an immune system that reacts to a usually harmless substance in the environment. This substance (pollen, mold, and animal dander, for example) is called an allergen. Allergies are a very common problem, affecting at least two out of every 10 Americans.

  • Alzheimer's

    Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia. Symptoms of Alzheimer's, including early-onset Alzheimer's, include problems with memory, judgment, and thinking, which makes it hard to work or take part in day-to-day life. As the stages of Alzheimer's progress, memory loss and other signs of Alzheimer's become more apparent. Many people find help with Alzheimer's drugs, but there is no cure for this form of dementia. Samaritan Keep Home offers special Alzheimer's Care for their residents.

  • Anesthesiology

    Anesthesia is a way to control pain during a surgery, childbirth or a procedure by using medicine called anesthetics. It can help control your breathing, blood pressure, blood flow, and heart rate and rhythm. Anesthesia may be used to: Relax you. Block pain. Make you sleepy or forgetful. Make you unconscious for your surgery.

  • Assisted Living

    Assisted living is a housing arrangement which people can live independently but can find help with tasks and have some services provided for them. These services may include meals, medication administration, personal care, housekeeping, medical services, recreational activities, and more. Samaritan Medical Center is opening a new Assisted Living Facility in early 2013 with 120 beds and many amenities, please visit this site for more information about the Samaritan Summit Village.

  • Back Surgery

    If you are in constant back pain or if pain reoccurs frequently and interferes with your ability to sleep, to function at your job, or to perform daily activities, you may be a candidate for surgery. In general, there are two groups of people who may require surgery to treat their spinal problems. People in the first group have chronic low back pain and sciatica, and they are often diagnosed with a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, or vertebral fractures with nerve involvement.

  • Behavioral Health

    In psychology, behavioral health, as a general concept, refers to the reciprocal relationship between human behavior, individually or socially, and the well-being of the body, mind, and spirit, whether the latter are considered individually or as an integrated whole.

  • Breast Cancer

    Often, there are no symptoms of breast cancer, but signs of breast cancer can include a breast lump or an abnormal mammogram. Breast cancer stages range from early, curable breast cancer to metastatic breast cancer, with a variety of breast cancer treatments. There are different types of breast cancer. In addition, breast cancer in men is not uncommon and male breast cancer must be taken seriously. Many doctors can be part of your diagnosis and care for Breast Cancer - most care would start with your primary care doctor; treatment could be take care of by General Surgeons, or Radiation Therapist or Oncologist and Hematologists.

  • Breast Cancer Surgery

    Most people with breast cancer have surgery to remove the cancer. You may have breast-conserving surgery or surgery to remove the entire breast. Some of the lymph nodes under the arm may also be removed to check for cancer cells. The kind of surgery you have may depend on the size and location of your cancer and your personal preferences.

  • Breast Exam

    Clinical and breast self-exam are important methods of early breast cancer detection and should be performed along with mammography. All three of these methods provide complete breast cancer screening. Most OB/GYN and Primary Care Doctors can provide a Breast Exam.

  • Cancer Treatment

    Cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and monoclonal antibody therapy. Our Onocologist/Hemotologist would help determine the right course of treatment for all cancer cases. The choice of therapy depends upon the location and grade of the tumor and the stage of the disease, as well as the general state of the patient (performance status). Complete removal of the cancer without damage to the rest of the body is the goal of treatment. Surgical treatment would involve a surgeon - the would depend upon the location of and speciality of the cancer.

  • Cardiac Rehabilitation

    Cardiac rehab is a program designed specifically for you and your medical needs. It includes exercise, lifestyle changes, education, and emotional support. It can help improve your health and enable you to live a more active life after you have had a heart attack or heart surgery or if you have a long-term heart problem such as heart failure. Cardiac rehab can also help you return to work safely and in a timely manner. Samaritan offers a Cardiac Rehabilitation program learn more today.

  • Cardiology

    A medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists.

  • Cardiology (Pediatric)

    A medical specialty dealing with disorders of a child, infant, or adolescent heart. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, heart failure, valvular heart disease and other ailments.

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Carpal tunnel syndrome is pain, tingling, and other problems in your hand because of pressure on the median nerve in your wrist. The median nerve and several tendons run from your forearm to your hand through a small space in your wrist called the carpal tunnel. The median nerve controls movement and feeling in your thumb and first three fingers (not your little finger).

  • Cataracts

    A cataract is a painless, cloudy area in the lens of the eye that blocks the passage of light to the retina. The retina is the nerve layer at the back of the eye. The nerve cells in the retina detect light entering the eye and send nerve signals to the brain about what the eye sees. Because cataracts block this light, they can cause vision problems.

  • Childbirth

    Is the culmination of a human pregnancy or gestation period with the expulsion of one or more newborn infants from a woman's uterus, also referred to as Labor. The process of normal human childbirth is categorized in three stages of labor: the shortening and dilation of the cervix, descent and birth of the infant, and birth of the placenta. In many cases, with increasing frequency, childbirth is achieved through caesarean section, the removal of the neonate through a surgical incision in the abdomen, rather than through vaginal birth.

  • Chronic Pain

    Pain that lasts for 3 months or longer is called chronic. Pain is your body's way of telling you that something is wrong. It's normal for you to have pain when you are injured or ill. But pain that lasts for weeks, months, or years is not normal. Chronic pain can occur anywhere in your body. It can range from being mild and annoying to being so severe that it gets in the way of your daily activities.

  • Colonoscopy

    The endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. It may provide a visual diagnosis (e.g. ulceration, polyps) and grants the opportunity for biopsy or removal of suspected colorectal cancer lesions.

  • CT Scan

    A computed tomography (CT) scan uses X-rays to make detailed pictures of structures inside of the body. A CT scan can be used to study all parts of your body, such as the chest, belly, pelvis, or an arm or leg. It can take pictures of body organs, such as the liver, pancreas, intestines, kidneys, bladder, adrenal glands, lungs, and heart. It also can study blood vessels, bones, and the spinal cord. A CT Tech would actually do the scan and a Radiologists would read the results of the scan. Your Primary Care and other Physician can request that you receive a CT scan. Please visit our Imaging Services webpage for further information.

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky. This glue-like mucus builds up and causes problems in many of the body's organs, especially the lungs and the pancreas People who have cystic fibrosis can have serious breathing problems and lung disease. They can also have problems with nutrition, digestion, growth, and development. The disease generally gets worse over time.

    Samaritan offers the only accredited Cystic Fibrosis clinic in northern New York. It is held once a month by Dr. Melynne Youngblood from the local Pulmonary Associates in Watertown, NY. Currently the clinic is held in the Registration Area of hospital. Appointments are required and scheduled through Pulmonary Associates at 315-786-0254.

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, in the deep leg vein. It is a very serious condition that can cause permanent damage to the leg, known as post-thrombotic syndrome, or a life-threatening pulmonary embolism.

  • Dementia Care

    Dementia is the loss of mental functions such as thinking, memory, and reasoning that is severe enough to interfere with a person's daily functioning. Dementia is not a disease itself, but rather a group of symptoms that are caused by various diseases or conditions. There are many factors to consider when caring for someone with Dementia - home safety, making a decision on Long-Term Care, financial planning and more. Primary Care doctors will provider referrals and more information about the care for Dementia patients. In addition, the Samaritan Keep Nursing Home has two Dementia units. Learn more about this service today by visiting Samaritan Keep's webpage

  • Dentistry

    The branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity (mouth), maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.

  • Dentistry (Pediatrics)

    The branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity (mouth), maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on a child.

  • Dermatology

    The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the skin, diseases of the skin, and the relationship of cutaneous (skin) lesions to systemic disease.

  • Diabetes

    Group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). Diabetes care can be managed by your Primary Care Doctor. An Endocronologist may help regulate the treatment to keep the person sugar levels stable.

  • Dialysis

    Dialysis is a mechanical process that performs the work that healthy kidneys would do: It clears wastes and extra fluid from the body and restores the proper balance of chemicals (electrolytes) in the blood. Dialysis is needed when chronic kidney disease becomes so severe that the kidneys are no longer working properly.

  • Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) and ENT Surgery

    ENT refers to doctors that treat these areas and the conditions that trouble patients. Ear conditions could be: Hearing loss including BAHA, Ear discharge, Earache, Balance disorders, Tinnitus. Nose conditions could be: Nasal blockage, Nasal deformity, Cosmetic surgery / Rhinoplasty, Facial pain, Sinusitis, Allergic Rhinitis e.g. hay fever and house dust mite allergy, Tumors of the nose and sinuses. Throat conditions could be: Sore throat including tonsillitis, Snoring, Hoarse voice, Swallowing disorders, Tumors of the throat and larynx. ENT can also refer to other head and neck conditions. Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Surgery treat conditions of the ears, nose, throat, head and neck, and undertake some cosmetic procedures.

  • Emergency Care

    Emergency care is immediate care - anytime a life threatening health issue arises a patient - or their friends or family members - should seek immediate assistance. Dial 911 for Ambulance attention or patient can be brought in directly. All Emergency Care visits are treated in their order of life-threatening priority. Visit our Emergency Care webpage to learn more.

  • Endocrinology

    The study of the medical aspects of hormones, including diseases and conditions associated with hormonal imbalance, damage to the glands that make hormones, or the use of synthetic or natural hormonal drugs. An endocrinologist is a physician who specializes in the management of hormone conditions.

  • Endoscopy

    A procedure that lets your doctor look inside your body. It uses an instrument called an endoscope, or scope for short. Scopes have a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside an organ. Sometimes scopes are used for surgery, such as for removing polyps from the colon.

  • Family Medicine

    Also called Family Practice or Primary Care. The medical specialty which provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family. It is the specialty in breadth which integrates the biological, clinical, and behavioral sciences. The scope of family practice encompasses all ages, both sexes, each organ system, and every disease entity. (From the American Academy of Family Physicians)

  • Gastroenterology and Gastroenterology Surgery

    The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the digestive system. These disorders may affect the esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, liver, gallbladder, or pancreas. Gastroenterology is popularly (and incorrectly) known as "GI" (which stands for gastrointestinal). Surgery of the digestive system including the esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, liver, gallbladder, or pancreas. A general surgeon would perform the surgery.

  • General Surgery

    General surgery is the surgical specialty that focuses on the abdominal organs. Despite the term "general", surgeons that practice general surgery are highly skilled surgeons that typically operate on common abdominal complaints including appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach and intestinal issues.

  • Geriatrics

    The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in older people and the problems specific to aging. Many Primary Care Providers are your first step to geriatric care.

  • Gynecology

    The branch of medicine that is particularly concerned with the health of the female organs of reproduction.

  • Hospitalist

    A hospital-based general physician. Hospitalists assume the care of hospitalized patients in the place of patients' primary care physicians. In the most prevalent US model of hospitalist care, several physicians practice together as a group and work full time to care for inpatients.

  • Infectious Disease

    Infectious diseases, also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases resulting from the infection. Infectious pathogens include some viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and aberrant proteins known as prions. These pathogens are the cause of disease epidemics, in the sense that without the pathogen, no infectious epidemic occurs. Examples of Infectious diseases are lower Respiratory diseases, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, meningitis, and many more.

  • Infusion

    Samaritan Medical Center is proud to offer a dedicated infusion service that fills a critical need in our community for patients requiring this specialized care for certain medications and treatments. Our infusion service enables our patients to continue living a functional lifestyle while receiving this treatment. Our highly skilled and experienced nursing staff provides many different Infusion services for patient 16 years of age and older for a wide variety of outpatient needs. Visit our Infusion webpage for further details

  • Internal Medicine

    The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. A physician who specializes in internal medicine is referred to as an internist. Subspecialties of internal medicine include allergy and immunology, cardiology (heart diseases), endocrinology (hormone disorders), hematology (blood disorders), infectious diseases, gastroenterology (diseases of the gut), nephrology (kidney diseases), oncology (cancer), pulmonology (lung disorders), and rheumatic-ology (arthritis and musculoskeletal disorders).

  • Interventional Radiology

    The use of image guidance methods to gain access to the deepest interior of most organs and organ systems. Interventional radiology includes the use of balloons, catheters, micro catheters, stents, therapeutic embolization (deliberately clogging up a blood vessel), and more. The specialty of interventional radiology overlaps with other surgical arenas, including interventional cardiology, vascular surgery, endoscopy, laparoscopy, and other minimally invasive techniques, such as biopsies.

  • Joint Replacement

    Joint replacement surgery involves replacing a destroyed joint with an artificial joint. In knee or hip replacement surgery, the artificial joint is made out of metal and plastic. In the case of joint replacement in the hand, the new joint is most commonly composed of silicone rubber or the patient's own tissues such as a portion of tendon. Joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is very common. Many of these procedures result from arthritis and sports/exercise injuries.

  • Kidney Stones

    A stone in the kidney or a stone that originates in the kidney but has passed lower down in the urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. The development of kidney stones is related to decreased urine volume or to increased excretion of stone-forming components, such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. The stones form in the urine-collecting area (pelvis) of the kidney and may range in size from tiny to 'staghorn' stones the size of the renal pelvis itself.

  • Long Term Care

    A level of care that provides rehabilitative, restorative, and/or ongoing skilled nursing care to patients or residents in need of assistance with activities of daily living. Long-term care facilities include nursing homes, assisted living centers, rehabilitation facilities, inpatient behavioral health facilities, and long-term chronic care hospitals. We offer the 272-bed Samaritan Keep Nursing Home for residential long term care, as well as Samaritan Summit Village a Nursing Home and Assisted Living Facility with 288 beds and many amenities.

  • Lung Care

    The lung is the essential respiration organ. Our two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their principal function is to transport oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream, and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere. This exchange of gases is accomplished in the mosaic of specialized cells that form millions of tiny, exceptionally thin-walled air sacs called alveoli.

  • Mammogram

    A mammogram is an X-ray test that produces an image of the inner breast tissue on film. This technique, called mammography, is used to visualize normal and abnormal structures within the breasts. Mammography, therefore, can help in identifying cysts, calcifications, and tumors within the breast. It is currently the most efficient screening method to detect early breast cancer. Any primary care physician can request a patient receives a mammography - Radiologists are the physicians that actually read the test and provide a diagnosis. Learn more about Samaritan's Imaging Service today!

  • Mental Health

    Mental health describes a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder. From the perspective of 'positive psychology' or 'holism', mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Mental health can also be defined as an expression of emotions, and as signifying a successful adaptation to a range of demands. The World Health Organization defines mental health as "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community."

  • MRI

    An MRI (or magnetic resonance imaging) scan is a radiology technique that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce images of body structures. The MRI scanner is a tube surrounded by a giant circular magnet. The patient is placed on a moveable bed that is inserted into the magnet. The image and resolution produced by MRI is quite detailed and can detect tiny changes of structures within the body. Any primary care physician can request a patient receives a mammography - Radiologists are the physicians that actually read the test and provide a diagnosis. Visit our Imaging Service webpage for more information.

  • Neonatology (NICU)

    Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or requiring special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, or birth asphyxias.

  • Nephrology

    The care of the kidneys for adults.

  • Neurology

    The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves.

  • Neurosurgery Surgery

    Surgeries concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.

  • Nursing Home

    A residential facility for people with chronic illness or disability, particularly older people who have mobility and eating problems. Also known as a convalescent home and long-term care facility. We have the 272-bed Samaritan Keep Nursing Home on our campus and the new Samaritan Summit Village a 288-bed new Nursing Home and Assisted Living Facility.

  • OB/GYN

    A commonly used abbreviation. OB is short for obstetrics or for an obstetrician, a physician who delivers babies. GYN is short for gynecology or for a gynecologist, a physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive organs. Today gynecology is focused largely on disorders of the female reproductive organs. An obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) is therefore a physician who both delivers babies and treats diseases of the female reproductive organs.

  • Obstetrics

    The art and science of managing pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium (the time after delivery).

  • Occupational Medicine

    The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries occurring at work or in specific occupations, as well screening and certain tests that need to be conducted for employment purposes, such as regulatory testing for licensure and certification purposes, drug and alcohol testing, physicals and more.

  • Oncology/Hematology

    The diagnosis, treatment and prevention of blood diseases (hematology) and cancer (oncology) and research into them. Hematology-oncology includes such diseases as iron deficiency anemia, hemophilia, sickle cell disease, the thalassemia, leukemia and lymphomas.

  • Opthamology

    Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.

  • Oral Surgery

    Oral Surgery is a recognized international specialty in dentistry. It includes the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws and neck. It involves, but is not limited to: dental implants, wisdom teeth removal, apicoectomy, TMJ disorder, facial trauma, corrective jaw surgery, oral pathology, osseous tissue surgery, anesthesia and bone grafts.

  • Orthopaedics & Orthopaedic Surgery

    Is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.

  • Otolaryngology

    A medical and surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management, and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck, including the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat). Subspecialty areas within otolaryngology include pediatric otolaryngology (children), otology/neurology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), and rhinology (nose). Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one or more of these seven areas. Otolaryngology is commonly called ENT.

  • Pacemakers

    Faulty electrical signaling in the heart causes arrhythmias. A pacemaker uses low-energy electrical pulses to overcome this faulty electrical signaling. Pacemakers can: speed up a slow heart rhythm, help control an abnormal or fast heart rhythm, make sure the ventricles contract normally if the atria are quivering instead of beating with a normal rhythm (a condition called atrial fibrillation), coordinate the electrical signaling between the upper and lower chambers of the heart, coordinate the electrical signaling between the ventricles. Pacemakers that do this are called cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. Pacemakers also can monitor and record your heart's electrical activity and heart rhythm. Newer pacemakers can monitor your blood temperature, breathing rate, and other factors and adjust your heart rate to changes in your activity.

  • Pain Disorders

    Pain disorder is when a patient experiences chronic pain in one or more areas, and is thought to be caused by psychological stress. The pain is often so severe that it disables the patient from proper functioning. Duration may be as short as a few days or as long as many years. The disorder may begin at any age, and occurs more frequently in girls than boys. This disorder often occurs after an accident or during an illness that has caused pain, which then takes on a 'life' of its own.

  • Pain Management

    The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Mild to moderate pain can usually be treated with analgesic medications, such as aspirin. For chronic or severe pain, opiates and other narcotics may be used, sometimes in concert with analgesics; with steroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs when the pain is related to inflammation; or with antidepressants, which can potentiate some pain medications without raising the actual dose of the drug and which affect the brain's perception of pain. Narcotics carry with them the potential for side effects and addiction. However, the risk of addiction is not normally a concern in the care of terminal patients. For hospitalized patients with severe pain, devices for self-administration of narcotics are frequently used. Other procedures can also be useful in pain management programs. For bedridden patients, simply changing position regularly or using pillows to support a more comfortable posture can be effective. Massage, acupuncture, acupressure, and biofeedback have also shown some validity for increased pain control in some patients.

  • Pathology

    The study of disease. Pathology has been defined as "that branch of medicine which treats of the essential nature of disease." The word "pathology" is sometimes misused to mean disease as, for example, "he didn't find any pathology" (meaning he found no evidence of disease). A medical doctor that specializes in pathology is called a pathologist. Pathologists are experts at interpreting microscopic views of body tissues.

  • Pediatrics

    The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, and adolescents; their growth and development; and their opportunity to achieve full potential as adults. Physicians that specialize in Pediatrics are called Pediatricians. Samaritan has a Pediatric wing in our hospital to care specifically for ailing children.

  • Peripheral Arterial Disease

    PAD is a common circulation problem in which the arteries that carry blood to the legs or arms become narrowed or clogged. This interferes with the normal flow of blood, sometimes causing pain, but often causing no symptoms at all. The most common cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, often called "hardening of the arteries." Atherosclerosis is a gradual process in which cholesterol and scar tissue build up, forming a substance called "plaque" that clogs the blood vessels. In some cases, PAD may be caused by blood clots that lodge in the arteries and restrict blood flow. Left untreated, this insufficient blood flow will lead to limb amputation in some patients.

    PAD Symptoms:

    • The most common symptom of PAD is called claudication, which is leg pain that occurs when walking or exercising and disappears when the person stops the activity.
    • Other symptoms of PAD include: numbness and tingling in the lower legs and feet, coldness in the lower legs and feet, and ulcers or sores on the legs or feet that don't heal.
  • PET Scan

    A highly specialized imaging technique that uses short-lived radioactive substances to produce three-dimensional colored images of those substances functioning within the body. These images are called PET scans and the technique is termed PET scanning. PET has been used primarily in cardiology, neurology, and oncology. Any doctor can ask for a PET scan to be done - Radiologists are the doctors that would read a PET scan. Find out more about it here

  • Physical and Medical Rehabilitation

    This is a level of inpatient rehabilitation services that Samaritan offers, also referred to as PM&R. The Rehabilitation Center's inpatient services are designed for those who are medically stable but require active, acute medical nursing and therapy interventions and supervision. To help patients make the most improvement we treat the whole person and base our program on three principles:

    1. Begin as soon as possible.
    2. Involve the family.
    3. Use a coordinated team of rehabilitation professionals.
  • Physical Therapy

    A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises and equipment to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities. Abbreviated PT. PT is appropriate for many types of patients, from infants born with musculoskeletal birth defects, to adults suffering from sciatica or the after effects of injury or surgery, to elderly post stroke patients.

  • Plastic Surgery

    A surgical specialty that is dedicated to reconstruction of facial and body defects due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease. Plastic surgery is also involved with the enhancement of the appearance of a person through cosmetic surgery.

  • Premature Infants

    Preterm birth is the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age. The cause of preterm birth is in many situations elusive and unknown; many factors appear to be associated with the development of preterm birth, making the reduction of preterm birth a challenging proposition. Premature birth is defined either as the same as preterm birth, or the birth of a baby before the developing organs are mature enough to allow normal postnatal survival. Premature infants are at greater risk for short and long term complications, including disabilities and impediments in growth and mental development. Significant progress has been made in the care of premature infants, but not in reducing the prevalence of preterm birth. Preterm birth is among the top causes of death in infants worldwide. Samaritan boasts a Level II Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and a Neonatologist on staff.

  • Primary Care

    Also known as Family Care - a patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continuity and integration of health care services. All family physicians and internists (Internal Medicine), practice primary care. The aims of primary care are to provide the patient with a broad spectrum of preventive and curative care over a period of time and to coordinate all the care that the patient receives. Patients should have a Primary Care doctor first and foremost. Samaritan has a Family Health Network with 5 community based locations in Cape Vincent, Clayton, Lacona, LeRay and Watertown, as well as an Internists Group.

  • Prostate Cancer

    A malignant tumor of the prostate, the gland that produces some of the components of semen. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death of males in the US. It is often first detected as a hard nodule found during a routine rectal examination. The PSA blood test is a screening test for prostate cancer. Diagnosis of prostate cancer is established when cancer cells are identified in prostate tissue obtained via biopsy. In some patients, prostate cancer is life threatening. In many others, prostate cancer can exist for years without causing any health problems. Treatment options for prostate cancer include observation, radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.

  • Psychiatry

    Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study and treatment of mental disorders. These mental disorders include various affective, behavioral, cognitive and perceptual abnormalities. A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist.

  • Pulmonology

    The medical specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract, and in particular the lungs. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

  • Pulmonology (Pediatrics)

    The medical specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract, and in particular the lungs of children and adolescents.

  • Radiation Therapy

    In radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy), high-energy rays are used to damage cancer cells and stop them from growing and dividing. A specialist in radiation therapy is called a radiation oncologist. Like surgery, radiation therapy is a local treatment; it affects cancer cells only in the treated area. Radiation can come from a machine (external radiation). It can also come from an implant (a small container of radioactive material) placed directly into or near the tumor (internal radiation). Some patients receive both kinds of radiation therapy.

  • Radiology

    Radiology (Imaging) is a medical specialty that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualized within the human body. Radiologists use an array of imaging technologies (such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose or treat diseases. Interventional radiology is the performance of (usually minimally invasive) medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies. The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer or radiologic technologist.

  • Reconstructive Surgery

    Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body, although maxilla-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer. Other branches of surgery (e.g., general surgery, gynecological surgery, pediatric surgery, cosmetic surgery) also perform some reconstructive procedures. The common feature is that the operation attempts to restore the anatomy or the function of the body part to normal. Reconstructive plastic surgeons use the concept of a reconstructive ladder to manage increasingly complex wounds. This ranges from very simple techniques such as primary closure and dressings to more complex skin grafts, tissue expansion and free flaps.

  • Rheumatology

    Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Clinicians who specialize in rheumatology are called rheumatologists. Rheumatologists deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorders.

  • Robotic Surgery

    Robotic surgery, computer-assisted surgery, and robotically-assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to overcome both the limitations of minimally invasive surgery or to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery. In the case of robotically assisted minimally invasive surgery, instead of directly moving the instruments, the surgeon uses one of two methods to control the instruments ; either a direct telemanipulator or by computer control. The da Vinci Surgical System is a robotic surgical system made by Intuitive Surgical and designed to facilitate complex surgery using a minimally invasive approach. At this time, Samaritan is offering Gynecological and Urological Robotic Surgery.

  • Senior Care

    The fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens. This broad term encompasses such services as assisted living, adult day care, long term care, nursing homes, hospice care, and in-home care. Because of the wide variety of elderly care found globally, as well as differentiating cultural perspectives on elderly citizens, the subject cannot be limited to any one practice. Learn more about our Long-Term Care services for elderly patients that needs residential care as well as our Adult Day Health Care for seniors that need activity outside their home.

  • Sleep Disorder Center

    A specialized medical facility staffed by physicians and other professionals experienced in diagnosing and treating sleep-related disorders -a team of specialists and consultants include pulmonary medicine, neurology, cardiology, pediatrics, urology, and psychiatry. Sleep disorders include sleep apnea, narcolepsy, periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), restless leg syndrome (RLS), and the circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Learn more about Samaritan's Sleep Disorder Center.

  • Spine Surgery

    Surgery of the spine and back - mostly performed by neurosurgeons and orthopeadic surgeons.

  • Substance Abuse

    Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a maladaptive patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods not condoned by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. Activity is also considered substance abuse when inappropriately used (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports). Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only drugs of abuse. Substance abuse often includes problems with impulse control and impulsivity. The term "drug abuse" does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in nonmedical contexts. Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines (particularly temazepam, nimetazepam, and flunitrazepam), cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. Please visit our information about specific inpatient and outpatient treatment services.

  • Surgery

    A medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance. An act of performing surgery may be called a surgical procedure, operation, or simply surgery. In this context, the verb operate means to perform surgery. Most of Samaritan's doctors in specialty areas perform surgery - as well as our General Surgeons.

  • Thoracic Surgery

    Thoracic surgery is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax (the chest)—generally treatment of conditions of the heart (heart disease) and lungs (lung disease). Cardiac surgery (involving the heart and great vessels) and thoracic surgery (involving the lungs) are sometimes considered separate surgical specialties.

  • Thyroid

    The thyroid gland or simply, the thyroid, is one of the largest endocrine glands. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage (which forms the laryngeal prominence, or "Adam's apple"). The isthmus (the bridge between the two lobes of the thyroid) is located inferior to the cricoid cartilage. Thyroid disorders include hyperthyroidism (abnormally increased activity), hypothyroidism (abnormally decreased activity) and thyroid nodules, which are generally benign thyroid neoplasms, but may be thyroid cancers. All these disorders may give rise to goiter, that is, an enlarged thyroid. Most Primary Care and ENT (Otolaryngology) doctors can regulate and manage all thyroid issues - if special care or instruction is needed, one would see the Endocrinologist.

  • Ultrasound

    Ultrasound produces sound waves that are beamed into the body causing return echoes that are recorded to "visualize" structures beneath the skin. The ability to measure different echoes reflected from a variety of tissues allows a shadow picture to be constructed. The technology is especially accurate at seeing the interface between solid and fluid filled spaces. Ultrasound Techs actually conduct the test, but the Radiologists read the tests. Learn more about Samaritan's Imaging Services today.

  • Urgent Care

    Urgent care is the delivery of ambulatory care in a facility dedicated to the delivery of medical care outside of a hospital emergency department, usually on an unscheduled, walk-in basis. Urgent care centers are primarily used to treat patients who have an injury or illness that requires immediate care but is not serious enough to warrant a visit to an emergency department. Often urgent care centers are not open on a continuous basis, unlike a hospital emergency department which would be open at all times. Our Samaritan LeRay Urgent Care is located directly outside Fort Drum's North Gate on Route 11. Go to the Urgent Care page to learn more

  • Urology

    The medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).

  • Urology Surgery

    Surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. The organs covered by urology surgery include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).

  • Varicose Veins

    Enlarged tortuous superficial veins, especially of the leg. Symptoms may include achy or heavy feeling in legs, burning, throbbing, muscle cramping, swelling, itching and skin ulcers. Veins have leaflet valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards. When valves do not work (valvular incompetence), this allows blood to flow backwards and involved veins enlarge. Severe long standing can lead to symptoms.

  • XRAY

    High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used in low doses to make images that help to diagnose diseases and conditions in all part of the body and in high doses to treat cancer in specific areas of the body. An x-ray tech would perform the test and Radiologists read the test. X-rays can be requested by any doctor and Samaritan offers many testing sites throughout our region. Learn more about Samaritan's Imaging Services today.